Overview: Components

Product(s)
Brightcove Player
Video Cloud
Role(s)
Player Developer
Topic(s)
Architecture

The Brightcove player is built on top of a simple, custom UI components architecture. This topic provides a brief insight into the components and their structure.

This is an overview document. For information about changing the components please see the Customize Player Appearance document.

Components labeled

Following are screenshots of the player, on player load and when playing back a video, with the components labeled.

On player load and hover

components on load

During playback

components playback

For information on CSS selectors for these components see the Customize Player Appearance document's Component selectors section.

Hierarchical structure

 

The default, hierarchical component structure of the player is as shown:

Player
  Player
      PosterImage
      TextTrackDisplay
      DockText
        DockTitle
        DockDescription
      DockShelf
      LoadingSpinner
      BigPlayButton
      ControlBar
        PlayToggle
        VolumePanelHorizontal
          MuteToggle
          VolumeControl
            VolumeBar
              VolumeLevel
        CurrentTimeDisplay
        TimeDivider
        DurationDisplay
        ProgressControl
          ProgressHolder
          SeekBar
          LoadProgressBar
          PlayProgressBar
          SeekHandle
        LiveControl
        RemainingTimeDisplay
        Spacer
        PlaybackRate
        ChaptersButton
        DescriptionsButton
        SubtitlesCaptionsButton
        AudioTrackButton
        FullscreenToggle
      ErrorDisplayModal
      ModalDialog
      InfoModal

You can also see the structure of the components by view the Elements tab of a browser's Dev Tools. You see the elements in the screenshot below. For example, highlighted in yellow are the ControlBar's child elements.

elements in dev tools

Definitions

Definitions for key components are given in the following table:

Component Description
PosterImage The image displayed until the video starts playing
TextTrackDisplay Text that is displayed as a separate track used for captions and subtitles (in WebVTT format)
LoadingSpinner The animated spin wheel that displays until the video is loaded
BigPlayButton The play button displayed within the area of button at load time
ControlBar The container for all the main player controls
    PlayToggle The play button that toggles between play and pause
    MuteToggle The button to toggle between audio muted and not
        VolumeControl Slider bar to control the volume level
            VolumeLevel Displays the current volume level when hovering over the volume bar
                VolumeHandle Shows the current position of the volume level and can be dragged to adjust the volume level
    CurrentTimeDisplay Current duration of played video displayed as mm:ss
    TimeDivider The forward slash '/' separating the current duration and the duration of the video
    DurationDisplay The overall duration of the video
    ProgressControl The component that contains the seek, load progress and play progress bars
        SeekBar Media bar which becomes active upon receiving the event that media has been fetched
        LoadProgressBar Indicates the progression of the video being fetched
        PlayProgressBar Indicates the progression of the video being played
        SeekHandle Shows the current position of the playhead during playback and can be dragged to adjust the playhead
    LiveControl Displays the word LIVE if streaming a live feed
    RemainingTimeDisplay Displays the duration of the video yet to be played
    Spacer Element inserted into the ControlBar especially for adding icons
    PlaybackRate Displays the playback rate
    ChaptersButton Button to display chapters
    CaptionsButton Toggle to display the caption settings form
    FullScreenToggle Button to toggle fullscreen display
CaptionsSettings Form to display and alter caption settings
DockText Container for the title and description
    DockTitle Title of the video
    DockDescription Short description of the video
DockShelf Used by the social media plugin

Class information

The player class, and all control classes, inherit from the Component class, or a subclass of Component.

videojs.Control = videojs.Component.extend();
videojs.Button = videojs.Control.extend();
videojs.PlayToggle = videojs.Button.extend();

The UI component architecture makes it easier to add child components to a parent component and build up an entire user interface, like the controls for the Video.js player. When you add a child component, it inserts the element of that child into the element of the parent and allows you to manipulate the element as needed, as shown here:

myButton = myPlayer.controlBar.addChild('Button');
myButton.addClass('bc-download-button');
myButton.on('click',function(){
  ...
})