Brightcove Player Sample: Related Videos via Tags (CMS API)

Product(s)
Video Cloud
Role(s)
Player Developer
Topic(s)
Code Samples
Overlays
API(s)
CMS API

In this topic, you will learn how to retrieve data from the CMS API and display it in an overlay for the Brightcove player. This overlay displays a set of related videos (via tags/metadata) in your account when playback is paused or ends. Also see the Popular Videos Overlay sample.

Player example

This example displays an interactive overlay of related video thumbnails when playback is paused or has ended. Start playback for the video below. When you pause playback or when the video ends, an overlay of related videos will appear. Selecting a thumbnail in the overlay, loads the associated video in the player and starts playback.

See the Pen Brightcove Player Sample: Related Videos via Tags (CMS API) by Brightcove Learning Services (@bcls1969) on CodePen.

View the source code.

Overview

This sample uses a proxy built in PHP to call the CMS API and search for related videos in the same account that have the same tag value as the video loaded in the player.

If you are new to using the CMS API, start by reviewing the following documents:

Using the CodePen

Here are some tips to effectively use the above CodePen:

  • Toggle the actual display of the player by clicking the Result button.
  • Click the HTML/CSS/JS buttons to display ONE of the code types.
  • Later in this document the logic, flow and styling used in the application will be discussed in the Player/HTML configuration, Application flow and Application styling sections. The best way to follow along with the information in those sections is to:
    1. Click the EDIT ON CODEPEN button in the CodePen and have the code available in one browser/browser tab.
    2. In CodePen, adjust what code you want displayed. You can change the width of different code sections within CodePen.
    3. View the Player/HTML configuration, Application flow and/or Application styling sections in another browser/browser tab. You will now be able to follow the code explanations and at the same time view the code.

Development sequence

Here is the recommended development sequence:

  1. Use the In-Page embed player implementation to test the functionality of your player, plugin and CSS (if CSS is needed)
  2. Put the plugin's JavaScript and CSS into separate files for local testing
  3. Deploy the plugin code and CSS to your server once you have worked out any errors
  4. Use Studio to add the plugin and CSS to your player
  5. Replace the In-Page embed player implementation if you determine that the iframe implementation is a better fit (detailed in next section)

For details about these steps, review the Quick Start: Plugin Development guide.

iframe or In-Page embed

When developing enhancements for the Brightcove player you will need to decide if the code is a best fit for the iframe or In-Page embed implementation. The best practice recommendation is to build a plugin for use with an iframe implementation. The advantages of using the iframe player are:

  • No collisions with existing JavaScript and/or CSS
  • Automatically responsive
  • The iframe eases use in social media apps (or whenever the video will need to "travel" into other apps)

Although integrating the In-Page embed player can be more complex, there are times when you will plan your code around that implementation. To generalize, this approach is best when the containing page needs to communicate to the player. Specifically, here are some examples:

  • Code in the containing page needs to listen for and act on player events
  • The player uses styles from the containing page
  • The iframe will cause app logic to fail, like a redirect from the containing page

Even if your final implementation does not use the iframe code, you can still use the In-Page embed code with a plugin for your JavaScript and a separate file for your CSS. This encapsulates your logic so that you can easily use it in multiple players.

API/Plugin resources used

API Methods API Events Plugins
catalog.getVideo() play videojs-overlay
catalog.load() ended  
play()    

Player/HTML configuration

The Overlay plugin is defined and initialized in the JavaScript code for this example. The reason it is done here, is that we need to get the related videos metadata before initializing the overlay.

If you want to include the Overlay plugin in your player configuration, you can add the Overlay JavaScript and CSS files in Video Cloud Studio's Players module. In the Plugins section, leave the Name property blank, so that you can initialize the plugin within the code.

Other HTML

Remember to add the id attribute to the video tag in the player embed code.

<video-js id="myPlayerID"
...

Application flow

The basic logic behind this application is:

  • Create variables that define values for the base CMS API URL and the proxy code URL.
  • Wait for the video to begin loading to retrieve the video metadata.
  • Setup the request for the CMS API.
  • Call the proxy code to make the request to the CMS API to get the first 9 related videos.
  • Format the overlay content to show the thumbnails for each of the related videos.
  • When a user selects one of the related video thumbnails, then load it into the player and start playback.

Define values

Create variables that define values for the base CMS API URL and the proxy code URL.

Wait for loadedmetadata

Find the code which is labeled:

// +++ Wait for loadedmetadata +++

Wait for the video to begin loading by listening for the loadedmetadata event. This ensures that the video metadata, like the account id, name and tag values will be available in the mediainfo object.

Setup the API request

Find the code which is labeled:

// +++ Setup the API request +++

Using the information from the video currently loaded in the player, create a CMS API search request for videos in the same account. The search will look for videos which have the same value as the first tag in the current video. It will exclude any video with the same name as the current video, and it will limit the number of videos returned to 9. That is how many will fit in our overlay layout.

Make the CMS API request

Find the code which is labeled:

// +++ Make the CMS API request +++

Use the proxy code to send an HTTP GET request to the CMS API RESTful web service. Parse the returned data into JSON format. If an error occurs, display an error message.

Format the overlay content

Find the code which is labeled:

// +++ Format the overlay content +++

To format the overlay content, you will do the following:

  • Extract the id, name and thumbnail for each related video returned from the CMS API, and store it in an array.
  • Looping through the related video array, create a video list <div> wrapper which holds a <div> element for each related video. This will become the overlay content.
  • Initialize the Overlay plugin with the newly created related videos content. You will see a grid of related video thumbnails when the overlay is displayed. Show the overlay when video playback is paused or has ended. Hide the overlay when the main video is playing.

Load and play related video

Find the code which is labeled:

// +++ Load and play related video +++

Create a function that loads and starts playback for the related video that is selected by the user.

Application styling

The CSS styles the related videos thumbnail grid for the overlay.

Plugin code

Normally when converting the JavaScript into a Brightcove Player plugin nominal changes are needed. One required change is to replace the standard use of the ready() method with the code that defines a plugin.

Here is the very commonly used start to JavaScript code that will work with the player:

videojs.getPlayer('myPlayerID').ready(function() {
  var myPlayer = this;
  ...
});

You will change the first line to use the standard syntax to start a Brightcove Player plugin:

videojs.registerPlugin('pluginName', function(options) {
  var myPlayer = this;
  ...
});

As mentioned earlier, you can see the plugin's JavaScript code in this document's corresponding GitHub repo: related-videos-cms.js.

Using the plugin with a player

Once you have the plugin's CSS and JavaScript files stored in an Internet accessible location, you can use the plugin with a player. In Studio's PLAYERS module you can choose a player, then in the PLUGINS section add the URLs to the CSS and JavaScript files, and also add the Name and Options, if options are needed.

Proxy code

In order to build your own version the sample app on this page, you must create and host your own proxy. (The proxies used by Brightcove Learning Services only accept requests from Brightcove domains.) A sample proxy, very similar to the one we use, but without the checks that block requests from non-Brightcove domains, can be found in this GitHub respository. You will also find basic instructions for using it there, and a more elaborate guide to building apps around the proxy in Using the REST APIs.